Monday, December 12, 2016

By:  Vincent Cabreza  – Reporter /  @Inquirer_Baguio  Philippine Daily Inquirer  / 12:10 AM December 11, 2016




BAGUIO CITY•€”Devon Paleng, a grade school pupil of the Lab-ang Community School in Itogon, Benguet, drew a picture of a man wearing a hard hat and a curly-haired man in a red shirt linked by a chain of hands.


  Paleng entered that drawing in a poster contest sponsored by Philex Mining Corp. It won, owing to its insightful message: Philex the community is the sum total of what the company has become, and not the mining firm that started in Benguet.


  Last month, Philex celebrated its 60th anniversary as a publicly listed company.


  It is one of the country•€™s pioneer mines and is credited as the first operation in Asia-Pacific to use in 1958 the block-caving method of extracting ore at its Padcal mine site in Benguet.


Philex produces copper concentrates but has also extracted gold and silver.


Padcal mine, 17 kilometers from this city, straddles the towns of Tuba and Itogon in Benguet.


It was supposed to wind up operations in 2011, so Philex drew up a mine closure plan detailing how it intended to rehabilitate the mine and help the communities around it.


But further exploration has extended Padcal•€™s mine life, first until 2020, and recently until 2022, with the discovery of additional 20 million tons of proven resources, according to the company•€™s 2015 annual report.



Anti-mining sentiment


These days, Philex, like the rest of the mining industry, has kept a watchful eye on a resurgence of anti-mining sentiment among people in government.


Paleng•€™s drawing, however, assured the company that the communities surrounding Padcal appreciate Philex, which was conceived to do good, said Philex president Eulalio Austin Jr., a Kankana-ey engineer who rose through the ranks.


•€œAs long as there is one child who tells them what Philex is all about, he or she is able to change minds,•€ he said.



In a speech he gave at the national mine safety and environment symposium here on Nov. 17, Austin lauded the founders and present owners of Philex who, he said, •€œmade it a point to take into account the protection of the environment, considered the welfare of its people and looked at [Philex•€™s] treatment of the life of its host communities.•€


He said this has become a •€œworking culture at Philex.•€


Mine waste management and social development were policies already set in place before the Philippine Mining Code of 1995 was enacted, Austin said.



al protection is a given here. There are standards by which the recent audit [ordered by Environment Secretary Gina Lopez] was conducted,•€ he said.


•€œI am glad to say Philex was one of the companies not recommended for suspension and this is attributed to the hard work and the dedication of its women and men in ensuring strict adherence to given mining standards and processes through the years,•€ he said.


•€œThere is•€¦ a level to responsible mining that detaches itself from policy•€”that is more about how a given community or people perceive the kind of mining the company brings,•€ he added.



Batang Philex


For 1Lt. Christine Pingot of the Philippine Air Force (PAF), Philex enabled her to fulfill her dream of flying.


Pingot described herself as a •€œBatang Philex,•€ at a company gathering to celebrate its 60th anniversary on Nov. 19.


With roots in Kalinga, Pingot•€™s grandfather, Agapito, relocated to Benguet to work in the Padcal geology department, while her Lola Martha worked at the mill department in 1974.


The couple was able to send nine children to school, including Pingot•€™s father, Herman, who served Philex• mine mobile equipment unit for 28 years.


•€œMy father faced financial difficulties, raising an equally big family composed of five boys and five girls,•€ Pingot said, •€œbut the free housing, free electricity and water to which he was entitled as an employee helped the family pass these hurdles.•€


Philex also subsidized the education of the dependents of its employees, she said, which helped her acquire a nursing license in 2009.


She served at the Sto. Nino Hospital in Padcal until she decided to try out for the PAF officers•€™ training course, and passed.


Biggest impact

•€œThe impact of Philex goes beyond how we affect the economy•€¦ its biggest impact was that it made their children the best,•€ said another Batang Philex, US-based Dr. Michael Agustin, in a testimonial he gave at the Philex gathering.


Agustin completed his primary and secondary education as a Philex scholar before he pursued medical studies that led him to spend eight years of internship and residency in the United States.


Now a pulmonary specialist, Agustin said: •€œPhilex has not only raised, but had produced, hundreds of professionals who continue to surprise the country•€¦ What could have been its secret? It•€™s simple. The basic privilege [it] provided us of education, of decent housing, of granting us the best educators•€¦ the basic privilege of having our parents be part of [the company].•€


Philex employees also credit the firm for helping build their cooperatives.


Sheila Bravo, general manager of the   Philex Mines Community Consumers 

Cooperative, said the company gave them seed capital of P5,000, and helped it grow into an organization with P60 million in assets and 1,800 members.


Bravo said her father was a ball mill operator of Philex for 28 years.


The company also helped build Philex Community Credit Cooperative (PCCC), which now has P287 million in assets and 1,886 members from the Philex employees•€™ pool, said its general manager, Fe Mejia.


The loans it processed helped miners build their own homes, she said.


Philex also helped develop local industries like the Philex Loom Weavers•€™ Association, according to Cecile Dumaguing, 54.


Austin said Philex would not shy away from its past, including its lows.


Mine breach

Philex was in the headlines when strong rains in August 2012 opened a breach in the mine’s tailings dam, prompting Padcal engineers to develop a 9-meter metal ball to close the gap.


The company promptly paid a P1-billion penalty for the environmental impact of the accident.


  •Why are there people who accept mining and people who do not? Yes, mining had its faults in the past. We have to accept that•€¦ but Philex•€”since the start•€”always did right,•€ Austin said.